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Health Care

Photo ©Carolyn B. Heller

Canadians are among the health­i­est peo­ple in the world.

Access to uni­ver­sal health care, com­par­a­tive­ly few envi­ron­men­tal prob­lems, a rel­a­tive­ly low crime rate, and a nation­wide enthu­si­asm for sports and the out­doors all con­tribute to the population’s gen­er­al good health. In fact, in 2007, the United Nations ranked Canada as one of the top five best places to live world­wide, based on a vari­ety of envi­ron­men­tal, health, and eco­nom­ic indicators.

Many peo­ple feel that one of the major ben­e­fits of liv­ing in Canada is the country’s high­ly regard­ed nation­al health care sys­tem. Yet one of the tri­als for expats relo­cat­ing to Canada is learn­ing to nav­i­gate the ins and outs of the health care bureaucracy.

Canada’s nation­al health insur­ance sys­tem is known as Medicare. Unlike the U.S. sys­tem of the same name, Canadian Medicare is a pub­licly fund­ed pro­gram that pro­vides health insur­ance for all Canadian cit­i­zens and per­ma­nent res­i­dents, regard­less of whether you’re work­ing or whether you can afford to pay. In most cas­es, Medicare will also cov­er you if you’re liv­ing in Canada with a work or study permit.

One of the most impor­tant things that a new­com­er to Canada needs to do is arrange for Medicare cov­er­age. If you’re com­ing to Canada with a job, your employ­er will nor­mal­ly arrange for your health cov­er­age, and your health care pre­mi­ums will be deduct­ed from your salary. If you’re self-employed or not yet work­ing, you need to apply and pay for your health insur­ance through your provin­cial health agency.

Although Canada’s health care pro­gram is rou­tine­ly described as a nation­al health sys­tem, it’s actu­al­ly made up of 13 relat­ed pro­grams – one in each province and ter­ri­to­ry. What this means is that when you move to Canada, you need to under­stand not only the nation­al health sys­tem over­all but its spe­cif­ic imple­men­ta­tion in the province where you’ll be living.

The fol­low­ing is a list of Canada’s provin­cial and ter­ri­to­r­i­al health agencies:

– Excerpted (in part) from the book, Living Abroad in Canada. To read more, buy the book.

Photo ©Carolyn B. Heller